National Emblem of India
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National Emblem of India

National Emblem of India

National Emblem of India


The state emblem is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. In the original, there are four lions, standing back to back, mounted on an abacus with a frieze carrying sculptures in high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion separated by intervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus. Carved out of a single block of polished sandstone, the Capital is crowned by the Wheel of the Law (Dharma Chakra)

In the state emblem, adopted by the Government of India on 26 January 1950, only three lions are visible, the fourth being hidden from view. The wheel appears in relief in the centre of the abacus with a bull on right and a horse on left and the outlines of other wheels on extreme right and left. 

The bell-shaped lotus has been omitted. The words Satyameva Jayate from Mundaka Upanishad, meaning 'Truth Alone Triumphs', are inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari script.

What is the name of our national emblem?


  • The Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath is the national emblem of India.

How many animals are there in our national emblem?


  • Four Animals - What do the four animals on the Indian National Emblem symbolize? Elephant (East), Horse (West), Bull (South), and Lion (North).

How many lions are there in national emblem of India?


  • Three Lions - In the state emblem, adopted by the Government of India on 26 January 1950, only three lions are visible, the fourth being hidden from view. The wheel appears in relief in the centre of the abacus with a bull on right and a horse on left and the outlines of other wheels on extreme right and left.

Which is the national symbol of India?

Official name - Republic of India Hindi: भारत गणराज्य ("Bhārat Gaṇarājya")

National Flag of India - Tiranga

National Flag (Tiranga) -
A horizontal rectangular tricolour with equally sized deep saffron at the top, white in the middle and India green at the bottom. In the center is a navy blue wheel with twenty-four spokes, known as the Ashoka Chakra. The flag is based on the Swaraj flag designed by Pingali Venkayya.
National emblem & National motto of India - State Emblem of India ("Lion Capital of Ashoka") Satyameva Jayate Sanskrit: सत्यमेव जयते ("Truth Always Triumphs")


National emblem & National motto of India - State Emblem of India ("Lion Capital of Ashoka") Satyameva Jayate Sanskrit: सत्यमेव जयते ("Truth Always Triumphs") - An adaptation of Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath was adopted as the National Emblem of India on 26 January 1950, the day India became a republic. Forming an integral part of the emblem is the motto inscribed below the abacus in Devanagari script: "Satyameva Jayate" (English: Truth Alone Triumphs), a quote taken from Mundaka Upanishad, the concluding part of the sacred Hindu Vedas.

National anthem of India - Jana Gana Mana ("Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People")


National anthem of India -
Jana Gana Mana ("Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People") - Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India. It was originally composed as Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata in Bengali by polymath Rabindranath Tagore. The first stanza of the song Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India as the National Anthem on 24 January 1950.

National song of India - Vande Mataram ("I bow to thee, O Mother!")

National song of India - Vande Mataram ("I bow to thee, O Mother!") -  Vande Mataram is a Sanskrit poem written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee which he included in his 1882 Bengali novel Anandamath. The poem was first sung by Rabindranath Tagore at the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress. The first two verses of the song were adopted as the National Song of India On 24 January 1950 by the Constituent Assembly of India.

National days of India - Independence Day, Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti
National days of India - Independence Day, Republic Day and Gandhi Jayanti - 26 January Republic Day, adoption of the Constitution of India in 1950 15 August Independence from the British Empire in 1947 2 October Gandhi Jayanti, birth anniversary of Father of the Nation. 
Oath of Allegiance of India - National Pledge

Oath of Allegiance of India - National Pledge - It was written in Telugu by Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao in 1962. Central Advisory Board on Education directed that the pledge to be sung in Schools and that this practice to be introduced by 26 January 1965.

National currency of India - Indian rupee ("₹, INR")
National currency of India - Indian rupee ("₹, INR") - Indian rupee (ISO code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India. The issuance of the currency is controlled by the Reserve Bank of India. The Indian rupee symbol is derived from the Devanagari consonant "र" (ra) and the Latin letter "R" was adopted in 2010. According to Udaya Kumar, its designer, the design is based on the Indian tricolour.

National calendar of India - Indian national calendar

National calendar of India - Indian national calendar - The Indian national calendar, sometimes called the Shalivahana Shaka calendar. It is used, alongside the Gregorian calendar, by The Gazette of India, in news broadcasts by All India Radio and in calendars and communications issued by the Government of India.

National cockade of India - Indian cockade
National cockade of India - Indian cockade -  A cockade is a knot of ribbons, or other circular- or oval-shaped symbol of distinctive colours which is usually worn on a hat. 

National animal of India - Bengal tiger
National animal of India - Bengal tiger - The Bengal tiger is a tiger from a specific population of the Panthera tigris tigris subspecies that is native to the Indian subcontinent.

National heritage animal of India - Indian elephant
National heritage animal of India - Indian elephant - Indian elephant is the national heritage animal of India since October 22, 2010. India's Environment Ministry has declared the elephant a National Heritage Animal in order to increase protective measures for the country's nearly 29,000 elephants."Declaring it the National Heritage Animal will give it due place as emblem of ecological sensitivity. It will also mark recognition for its centrality in our plural cultures, traditions and oral lore," the task force wrote in its report..


National aquatic animal of India - South Asian river dolphin

National aquatic animal of India - South Asian river dolphin - The South Asian river dolphin (Platanista gangetica) is an endangered freshwater or river dolphin found in the region of Indian subcontinent, which is split into two subspecies, the Ganges river dolphin and the Indus river dolphin. The Ganges river dolphin is primarily found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers and their tributaries in India, Bangladesh, and Nepal, while the Indus river dolphin is now found only in the main channel of the Indus River in Pakistan and River Beas (a tributary of the Indus) in Punjab in India. The Ganges river dolphin has been recognized by the government of India as its National Aquatic Animal

National reptile of India - King cobraNational reptile -  King cobra is the national reptile of India. It is considered a sacred animal in Indian culture.

National bird of India - Indian peacock
National bird of India - Indian peacock - Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus) is designated as the national bird of India. A bird indigenous to the subcontinent, the peacock represents the unity of vivid colours and finds references in Indian culture. On February 1, 1963, The Government of India had decided to have the Peacock as the national bird of India.

National flower of India - Indian lotus

National flower of India - Indian lotus - Nelumbo nucifera, also known as Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India, Egyptian bean or simply lotus, is one of two extant species of aquatic plant in the family Nelumbonaceae. It is often colloquially called a water lily. It is the national flower of India and Vietnam.
National tree of India - Indian banyan




National tree of India - Indian banyan - Indian banyan (Ficus bengalensis) root themselves to form new trees and grow over large areas. Because of this characteristic and its longevity, this tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India..


National fruit of India - MangoNational fruit of India - Mango - Mango (Mangifera indica) originated in India and the country is home to more than 100 varieties of the fruit..
National river of India - Ganges

National river of India - Ganges - The Ganges is a lifeline to millions who live along its course. It is a sacred river and worshipped as the goddess Ganga in Hinduism. It has been important historically; many former provincial or imperial capitals (such as Prayagraj, Dhaka, Baharampur, Bikrampur, Kampilya, Kannauj, Kara, Kashi, Kolkata, Murshidabad, Munger, Patliputra, and Sonargaon) have been located on its banks.

National Emblem & the Ashoka Pillar


In the original Ashoka pillar in Sarnath, there are four lions, standing back to back, fixed on an abacus with a frieze carrying sculptures in high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion parted by intervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus.

The Indian National Emblem has been adopted from the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath. It consists of four lions, standing back to back, mounted on an abacus with a frieze carrying sculptures in high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion separated by intervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus.

Carved out of a single block of polished sandstone, the capital is crowned by the Wheel of the Law (Dharma Chakra). This same Chakra can be found on the Indian National Flag.

The Government of lndia adopted the Lion Capital as the National Emblem on 26 January 1950. Only three lions are visible, the fourth being hidden from view being behind the lion which faces the viewer.

The wheel appears in relief in the centre of the abacus with a bull on right and a horse on left and the outlines of other wheels on extreme right and left. The bell-shaped lotus has heen omitted.

The words 'Satyameva Jayate' from Mundaka Upanishad, meaning 'Truth Alone Triumphs', are inscribed below the abacus in the Devanagari script.

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